What is a Sump Pump And How Does it Work?

Having a flooded basement is the worst nightmare for a homeowner. Having a sump pump can protect your home when there is heavy rain outside or when you experience a rising level of water in the surrounding area. A basement flood could lead to enormous amounts of repairs and structural damage. It’s important to consider which type of sump pump could be the best option to fill your needs. In the guide below, we will teach you more about how a sump pump works and how you can choose the ideal solution for your home.

How Sump Pumps Work

Sump pumps will move water from your basement out of your home. Sumps are built in a naturally constructed pit, this is usually a hole that’s carved out of the ground below the main surface of your basement. These pits are called basins and they’re designed to hold the pump. The pump is then equipped with a series of valves that check on the water levels in the pressure in the basin. The pump will kick on and automatically start pumping water out of the basement using an outside line called a discharge line. The line is connected to a drainage area which is usually a dry well, pond or creek. It’s located fairly close to your home and your city will have a specific code as to where the drain will have to go.

There are several different types of sump pumps to choose from including submersible pumps, pedestal pumps, battery-operated and water powered. Choosing the right sump pump involves looking for a pump that has the right level of horsepower to handle the water that makes its way into your home. Most average homes require a ⅓ horsepower pump, but if your home is deeper in the water table with seepage issues you might want to consider a ½ horsepower pump.

These pumps can cost between $100 to $400 for a residential sump pump with many larger pumps for commercial use costing $500-$1000. This price could be a small investment when you consider the overall cost you’ll save compared to repairs..

This post was written by Kristian D’An, owner and water expert at Eco Water Solutions of Florida. They offer whole home water solutions such as softeners, whole home water filtration systems, and reverse osmosis systems. Their focus is to provide Floridians with safe and clean water throughout the home.